Ranked #4 in Trip Advisor’s list of the World’s Best Destinations, Hanoi is famous for not only its picturesque views, interesting traditions but also its climate. Hanoi weather is typical climate of northern Vietnam, which is usually known as warm, humid. The average rainfall of Hanoi stays at 1.680 mms while the average temperature is 23.6oC. The highest temperature have recorded is 42.8 (recorded in May 1926) and the lowest is 2.7oC (Jan 1955).
Hanoi has four distinct seasons, which are favorable for tourists all around the world.
Summer here takes place in May to August with July as the hottest month of the season. You can feel the heat of this season right at the beginning of it. The average temperature is around 32*C. The humidity ranges from 62% to 97%, which may even make it hotter in the feel. Summer is also the season of rain in Hanoi. It rains like cats and dogs and the weather changes suddenly. In the morning, you may get sweat and irritated by the heat and humidity. And then, you will be blown away by strong winds from a thunderstorm. The rainfall amount in summer is usually high. Together with the rather bad infrastructure here, Hanoi gets flooded and it’s hard to move around the city with that situation. In general, I don’t recommend travelling to Hanoi in Summer.
Fall begins at mid-September to the end of October. It is usually considered as the most romantic and pleasant season of the year in Hanoi. With the average temperature of 26oC, visitors may feel relaxed and cool by the soft winds blown throughout the city. At some points of Autumn, you may see some heavy rainfalls which are called “Mưa ngâu” in Vietnamese. This kind of rain is not so heavy but lasts long, for a half to a whole day. In this season, you can experience blue clear sky, gentle winds and soft sunlight of Hanoi.
Winter starts when the winds blow stronger and the atmosphere becomes drier usually from November to January). When you open the hotel room’s windows, the strong cold winds hit you immediately. The average temperature for this season is roughly 19oC, sometimes the temperature may drop down to 5oC. You can barely see rain in Hanoi’s winter because the humidity is quite low. Remember to bring yourself a moisturizer to prevent your skin from being dried out and warm clothes in order not to catch a cold.
Spring is the season of festivals all over Vietnam. Spring in Hanoi lasts from February to the end of April with a wet, humid feeling and lots of light rain. The average rainfall of this season is about 60 mm. You can meet Hanoi’s spring rain a lot while travelling. But don’t worry, they will just last for about 30 minutes to 1 hour. The temperature in Hanoi Spring is from 17 to 24 (*C) which is very favorable for tourists to experience Tet holiday and festivals here.
So, which season is the most recommended for tourists?
In my opinion, it’s Spring. You can experience a lot of festivals in this season such as: Dong Da Hill festival, Giong Temple Festival, Co Loa festival… especially Tet holiday.
With the cool weather and occasional light rain, tourist can never feel sick or get any cold of this weather. Moreover, with those who don’t want to be stuck in heavy traffic, Spring is the best idea for them. Why? Because it has a big holiday, which residents of Hanoi would like to go back to their hometown to visit their parents and relatives. In this season, visitors can also try several traditional foods such as: Sticky square rice cake, salted vegetable, etc. Generally, if you travel to Hanoi from Feb to Apr, you can experience lots of exciting things.
When I was knee high to a grasshopper, I always dreamt about going to a new horizon to explore the fancy world with novel and exotic things. Nevertheless, what I failed to realize is that my own hometown, Hanoi, is also full of charm I have not yet acknowledged.
It was such an unforgettable day today because it was my first training trip with Hanoi Free Local Tours, which gave me a sudden urge to look at Hanoi from a different perspective, from the angle of a tour guide and from the view of the host want to welcome her guests with hospitality. The familiar scenes seemed to go strange a little. Initially, we spent a couple of hours to examine the complex design, the oriental architecture of picturesque Ngoc Son Temple, the meaning of Huc bridge and also tried to figure out the real reason of the construction of Turtle Tower. Then, going straight to the next destination, we continued analyzing the stunning beauty of Saint Joseph Cathedral of Hanoi to gain some more knowledge about religions, precisely about Catholic. Saving the best for last, we ultimately visited the French colonial jail for political prisoners, Hoa Lo Prison. That place is no doubt a crucial part of Vietnam history which stored genuine pictures and objects from Vietnam wars. I could not help feeling terribly sad to see how prisoners were once kept, tortured and brutally treated. In addition, a huge Guillotine, a machine designed for cutting people’s head off, used by the French to execute prisoners are on display at Hoa Lo Prison. Then came a room with the pictures as well as the accompanying video about captured American pilots. This part of the museum is most appealing to foreign tourists, particularly the American ones.
Eventually, my trip ended with a glass of ice lemon tea and a cozy chat with other club members near the cathedral yard. Though all weary and tired, we got to know each other better and found invaluable touring experience. Today is such a beautiful day.
Climate change is increasing extreme heat globally, which effects gradually the weather in Ha Noi. It is getting hotter in Ha Noi city and this situation signs to incessantly rises in the future. According to some researches, the temperature in Ha Noi recently has reached to 38-39 degrees, especially in 2015 when it peaked at 40 degrees. Therefore, there is a funny experience when people in the city bring out some food in a pan under directly the sunlight to observe how it is heated. Besides, the moisture is very low, which means that it has no rain in the city for a long time. Moreover, this situation will last for a long time, about 4 or 5 months annually, which brings a lot of disadvantages.
Citizens have to suffer from the hot temperature
First of all, the hot weather can cause bad effects on the health of old people and kids, who have weak immune system. They can suffer from body temperature disorder or even faint. Additionally, the temperature increases, which enhances the demand of electricity use considerably, then leads to the shortage of power for the city. Obviously, one of the main reason leading to this situation is climate change. According to EPA, the Greenhouse effect causes the atmosphere to retain the heat, which acts like a blanket making the Earth become warmer than it would otherwise be. Besides, another reason is the concrete effect, which also remains the temperature when there is more building and less trees in the city, the building absorbs the heat from the environment.
In conclusion, people should find out a solution to protect themselves from the heat or sickness. It can be avoiding direct sunlight, drinking water and fruit…However, from a panorama view, we need to find out absolute solutions such as decreasing the greenhouse effect and encouraging of growing a large amount of tree in the city.
FRENCH ARCHITECTURE IN HANOI DOES NOT EXIST ANYWHERE ELSE?
Although the French colonial period came to an end a long time ago, much of the French arts and deco style are still imprinted in the architecture of Hanoi. One hundred years under colonization of French, Vietnam did not lose its traditional color, but it also absorbs new perspectives from a modern France. Along the history of Hanoi city, it is
not overstated to claim that ancient French architecture has contributed significantly in creating a unique, magnetic and charming Hanoi with its elegance and nobility. The French architecture in Hanoi is unique. It doesn’t exist anywhere else in Southeast Asia and Asia.
THE LONG BIEN BRIDGE
The Long Bien Bridge – a typical example of the French architectural style in Hanoi The Long Bien Bridge was constructed from 1989 to 1902 during French’s occupation of the country. Though the bridge was designed by French, it was built directly by Vietnamese workers with indigenous construction materials like woods from Phu Tho, Yen Bai, Thanh Hoa province, cement from Hai Phong, Long Tho lime from Hue. The bridge was formerly named Paul Doumer by the French, but Vietnamese have called it Long Bien or Cai River Bridge for a long time, and Long Bien becomes the most popular name of the bridge. Originally, Long Bien had 19 spans and it was the first steel bridge across Red river in Hanoi, and one of four greatest bridges in the world at the time it was built. Long Bien was considered the pride, symbol of architecture in the Far East. The bridge was a connection point to transport tons of rice from Northern and Northern Central area of Vietnam to Dien Bien Phu battle, and contributed to the win of Vietnam army against French, 1954. More than 100 years with decades of war, Long Bien Bridge was bombed many times by air attacks by American army in 1967, 1972; and many spans of the bridge were destroyed. The left spans still remaining today remind us of an unforgettable past. The bridge, hence, is not only a traffic construction, a nice architecture, but also a living historical relic.
THE PALACE OF THE GOVERNOR OF TONKIN
Government Guest House Have you ever asked yourself a question why The palace of the Governor of Tonkin has yellow walls and green windows fitting perfectly with the honey-colored tropical sun? It is because the architects adopted an eclectic style, opting for buildings with railings surrounded by gardens to avoid the tropical heat.
A short walk away is the famous Metropole Hotel, a luxurious and elegant building with white walls. It is an award-winning French colonial-style hotel lying in the heart of Hanoi, near Hoan Kiem Lake and the magnificent Opera House.Boasting a classical white façade, green shutters, original wrought iron detail, wood paneling and a lush courtyard lawn, the hotel is one of the region’s few remaining hotels of its era. Built in 1901 by two private French investors, the hotel quickly became the rendez-vous point for colonial society in the first half of the century. Following Vietnamese independence in the 1950s, the new national government opted to maintain it as the official hotel for visiting VIP’s. During and after the war years, it became a base for press and diplomats.
HANOI OPERA HOUSE
Located in the heart of the city, the Hanoi Opera House is like a sumptuous palace of colonnades and arches. Strongly inspired by the Garnier Opera House in Paris, this building was built between 1901 and 1910. It was modeled on the Palais Garnier, the older of Paris's two opera houses, and is considered to be one of the architectural landmarks of Hanoi. After the departure of the French the opera house became the scene for several political events as well as the scene of street fighting during the fight for Hanoi.
THE FRENCH QUARTER
During colonialism, a Vietnamese person stepping into Ville Francaise ( The French City) which was sometimes also known as Khu pho Tay (the Westerners’s Quarter) felt like a foreigner in the capital of his own country. Today, Hanoians still refer to that sector of the city as the “French Quarter” The French Quarter’s main artery is Trang Tien Street, once called Rue Paul Bert in honour of the French resident general of Tonkin in 1886. Actually, Hanoi Old Quarter is often the first place to come and the last place to leave of all city visitors. It has affected by French Architecture. The grace of Hanoi also lies in its wide French-inspired street lined with beautiful villas and ancient trees. Each house has its own style that reflects the different regions of France. The style of the central region
can be found in Phan Dinh Phung, Hoang Dieu, Tran Phu and Le Hong Phong street while the southern style left its mark on Quang Trung and Tran Quoc Toan street. The Indochinese style dominates the houses in Ly Nam De street. There are more than 1,600 villas dating from the French colonial regime, two-thirds owned by the state… The French architectural heritage blended with historical relics like the Temple of Literature, the One Pillar Pagoda and the Old Quarter of Hanoi makes Hanoi more attractive and unique. As it grows, Hanoi remains aware that preserving its architectural heritage is a way to ensure sustainable growth.